In October 2005, the creation of a Centre for Plant Biotechnology and Genomics (Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, CBGP) was approved by Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) following a proposal from faculty from the Department of Biotechnology. The proposal of such a Centre had been maturing for a long time and from the beginning it had also included researchers from Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA). As a result, CBGP became a joint UPM-INIA research centre after the joint agreement was signed by both institutions in July 2006.
CBGP was created with a double goal: to carry out the most advanced research aimed at understanding plant function, and to contribute to fulfil the needs of the economic agents within the agriculture, forestry and environment productive sectors that are potential users of this research. CBGP also seeks to have an educational role, and strives to become a reference centre for training of both scientists and technicians in the fields of plant biotechnology and genomics, an area not fully developed in Spain at present.